At the end of the day, dialogue is precisely about remaining open to what the others have to say and learning why other relevant stakeholders favour certain outcomes over others. This mutual understanding will, in turn, make it easier to ﬁnd common positions and widely accepted solutions. However, allowing this diversity of views and preconceptions to emerge can easily get the dialogue stuck into a blaming and shaming exercise, with the participants locking themselves into their initial positions. To overcome this situation, the ﬁrst phase of the INSPIRED method invites the participants to overcome their ﬁrst preconceptions and misjudgements of each other by means of research. Indeed, through the collective assessment of a shared problem, participants focus on the identiﬁcation of potential solutions and therefore engage in a constructive debate that looks forward and does its best to leave past differences behind.